Egyptian government intensifies calls for protesters to disperse

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A portrait of the deposed president Mohammed Mursi at the ongoing sit-in protest outside Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in Cairo on 31 July 2013. (Photo: AFP - Fayez Nureldine)

Published Thursday, August 1, 2013

Egypt's interior ministry promised Mohammed Mursi's supporters "safe exit" Thursday if they quickly leave their Cairo protest camps, as police prepared to disperse them amid international appeals for restraint.

The call to disperse came after an early Thursday meeting in which police commanders discussed how to carry out orders from the military-installed interim government to end the protests, the ministry said in a statement.

The interior ministry "calls on those in Rabaa al-Adawiya and Nahda squares to let reason and the national interest prevail, and to quicky leave," it said in a statement.

The ministry "pledges a safe exit and full protection to whoever responds to this appeal," the statement added.

Interior Ministry spokesman Hany Abdel Latif told Reuters there was no specified date for clearing out the sit-in.

Mursi's supporters had vowed to defy the bloody crackdown ordered by the interim government on Wednesday, and called for a “march of millions” rally on Friday.

An coalition of Islamist groups demanding Mursi's reinstatement as president rejected on Thursday the appeal to end their demonstrations.

"We are going to continue our peaceful sit-ins and our peaceful protests," Allaa Mostafa, a spokeswoman for the Anti Coup Alliance, told AFP.

Ministers had ordered police to end sit-ins and marches by Mursi's Islamist supporters, saying they amounted to a "national security threat."

The orders raised fears of new violence, less than a week after 82 people were killed in clashes at a pro-Mursi rally in Cairo.

The international community, which has expressed mounting concern over the violence since Mursi's July 3 ouster, warned against further bloodshed.

The US State Department called on the interim authorities to "respect the right of peaceful assemblies."

"That obviously includes sit-ins," spokeswoman Marie Harf told reporters.

British Foreign Secretary William Hague called for "an urgent end to the current bloodshed" and the release of Mursi, in a phone call to Egypt's interim vice president Mohammed el-Baradei, Britain's Foreign Office said.

Amnesty International condemned the cabinet order as a "recipe for further bloodshed."

In Rabaa al-Adawiya, the mood was calm after the cabinet's announcement. Thousands of protesters have been camped out in a tent city at the square.

The interior ministry had already warned that the demonstrations would be dispersed "soon," but without saying when or how.

Foreign trade minister Munir Fakhry Abdel Nur said Wednesday's statement did not "give room for interpretation".

Accusing Mursi supporters of bearing arms, he told AFP: "It is clear the interior ministry has been given the green light to take the necessary measures within legal bounds."

Much of the Egyptian media expressed support for the government's decision, with some saying that the interim administration had received "the people's mandate" in demonstrations last Friday backing Mursi's overthrow.

More than 250 people have been killed since the army ousted him following nationwide protests against his single year in power.

Further raising tensions on Wednesday, judicial sources said several top Brotherhood leaders would be referred to trial for incitement to murder.

Supreme guide Mohamed Badie, who is in hiding, and his jailed deputies Khairat al-Shater and Rashad Bayoumi, stand accused of inciting the killing of demonstrators outside Brotherhood headquarters on the night of June 30.

Mursi himself has been formally remanded in custody on suspicion of offences when he broke out of prison during the 2011 revolt that toppled president Hosni Mubarak.

He was detained hours after the coup and is being held at an undisclosed location, where the EU foreign policy chief met him on Tuesday, later telling reporters that he was "well."

(AFP, Al-Akhbar, Reuters)


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