Lebanon ranked 14th in 2014 Global Terrorism Index

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Al-Akhbar Management

Published Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Lebanon ranked 14th out of 162 countries on the Global Terrorism Index, the Australia and US-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) said in a report published Tuesday, giving the country a score of 6.4 out of 10.

The second edition of the terrorism index indicated a 61 percent increase in the number of deaths globally from "terrorism," rising from 11,133 in 2012 to 17,958 in 2013, and a 44 percent increase in the number of terrorist incidents, rising from 6,825 in 2012 to 9,814 in just a single year.

The Global Terrorism Index defines terrorism as "the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence by a non-state actor to attain a political, economic, religious or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation."

The report said Lebanon witnessed a spate of car bomb and suicide attacks as well as armed clashes, with 92 incidents in 2013 killing 134, wounding 968, and leading to the destruction of 41 properties.

A bomb attack in Lebanon’s Tripoli in August 2013, which killed 47 and injured 300, ranked 22nd in the worst terrorist attacks of the year.

According to the report, the recent rise and expansion of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group in the region is the major national security threat for the country, as it ranked Lebanon top fifth exporter of jihadists to Syria in 2013, estimating the number to 800.

The Washington Post published a map in mid-October showing that Lebanon has sustained its ranking in 2014, the number of jihadists, however, increased significantly to more than 15,000.

The vast majority of attacks, the report said, were committed by four groups: ISIS in Iraq and Syria; Boko Haram in Nigeria; the Taliban in Afghanistan; and al-Qaeda in various parts of the world.

Meanwhile, 80 percent of the lives lost to terrorist attacks in 2013 occurred in just five countries - Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria.

The influx in terrorist attacks raises questions about the effectiveness of the US "War on Terror" launched by the Bush administration after the 9/11 attacks, which included US-led invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, air strikes in Pakistan and Yemen, and operations elsewhere.

The campaign failed to eliminate or even reduce terrorism, as the report shows a steady increase in the death toll over the last 14 years, from 3,361 in 2000 to 11,133 in 2012 and 17,958 in 2013.

The figures could rise dramatically in 2014 due to escalation of violence in the Middle East and Nigeria.

Critics have pointed out that "terrorism" is a politically loaded term has often been used by governments to either delegitimize its opponents or justify its own rights violations. Restricting the definition of terrorism to non-state actors also has the effect of erasing acts of state "terrorism."

(Al-Akhbar, AFP)

Comments

The word "terrorism" has been poorly defined. What constitutes an act of terror? Anonymous wild massacre or stealthy drone killing?
It all depends on who holds the power and aims to homogenize the world. What else is there to say.

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