Western governments considering easing nuclear demands on Iran: EU

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Published Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Western governments are considering allowing Iran to continue some uranium enrichment, as part of a possible deal to resolve a decade-old dispute that Tehran says it wants to reach within six months, a senior EU diplomat said.

The new stance – a reaction to President Hassan Rohani's overtures to the West – would mean easing a long-standing demand that Iran suspend all enrichment, due to concerns Tehran could be developing nuclear weapons.

In an interview with Reuters, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevicius said: "I believe part of the game is that if the Iranians prove that whatever they are doing is peaceful, it will, as I understand, be possible for them to conduct it."

"It's conditional. It is not a done deal, but nevertheless it is a possibility to explore," he said. "Thanks to this rapprochement. How it will look, we don't know."

Lithuania holds the rotating presidency of the European Union until the end of this year, giving Linkevicius a closer insight into many internal policy debates.

A series of UN Security Council resolutions call on Iran to halt enrichment. One of them demands "full and sustained suspension of all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities."

Iran has refused to comply, saying its membership of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty (NPT) gives it the right to pursue peaceful nuclear technology. That refusal has drawn several rounds of UN and Western sanctions.

Rohani, a moderate elected in June, has reiterated Iran's insistence that it does not seek nuclear weapons, but has promised to clear up international concerns, hoping for an easing of sanctions that have hit its ability to export oil.

Western diplomats are cautious about the rapprochement, saying Iran has yet to offer any concrete proposals.

But, privately, many acknowledge that Tehran would likely need to be allowed to keep some lower-level enrichment activity as part of a broader political settlement, as long as UN inspectors were allowed sufficient oversight powers.

Israel, which claims the prospect of a nuclear-armed Iran is a threat to its existence, is insistent that nothing short of an end to enrichment is acceptable.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told a UN summit Tuesday that the Jewish state was ready to act alone to halt Iranian efforts to build a nuclear bomb, a charge Tehran vehemently denies.

"Israel will not allow Iran to get nuclear weapons. If Israel is forced to stand alone, Israel will stand alone," Netanyahu said in an attack on overtures made by Rohani.

Israel is widely believed to have a nuclear weapons arsenal. It is the only country in the Middle East that hasn't signed the NPT treaty.

Iran's top general on Wednesday rejected Israel's threat of military strikes.

"Today the choice of military option is rusted, old and blunt. It is put on a broken table that lacks stability," said armed forces chief-of-staff Hassan Firouzabadi, quoted by Fars news agency.

"Such remarks stem out of desperation," he said, slamming Netanyahu as a "warmonger."

In a series of negotiations since April last year, six world powers have told Iran to stop enriching uranium to 20 percent fissile purity – a level that closes an important technological gap towards making weapons-grade material.

That demand will not change, diplomats say. But, in theory, Iran could be allowed to continue lower-level enrichment, up to 5 percent, to produce fuel suitable for nuclear power plants.

The next round of the talks between Iran and the six world powers, will be held in Geneva on October 15 and 16.

(Reuters, AFP, Al-Akhbar)


Another carrot to be withdrawn at the worst possible moment for negotiations? Iran certainly has all the rights given it under the NPT.

While it may be actually advantageous for Iran to give up their enrichment and reprocessing programs politics in Iran rather preclude that scenario.

Having said that let me say that "nuclear power" is a dangerous and ultimately bankrupting technology ... Think Chernobyl and Fukushima.

The up front costs for nuclear power are prohibitive and the back end costs are astronomical. Nuclear waste has to be managed for thousands of years.

Iran suffers from earthquakes and any nuclear facility is a natural target for any enemy. Even natural damage causing permanent shutdown would cost billions for decades.

At these tenuous moments in the negotiations Iran should push ahead for full rights under the NPT and perhaps settle for 3%.

In the long run Iran should consider abandoning nuclear power altogether following countries like Germany and Switzerland.

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